There is a common proverb that national integration in Pakistan appears in crises only. The nation has responded during calamities in a unified manner. However, when the crisis is dealt with, the internal incongruities resurface. The Pakistani society is divided into fault lines, like, political, ethnic, linguistic, societal, feudal, religious,and provincial etc., which has fractured national integration. This publication is in continuation of my previous articles on the challenges of national integration in Pakistan 2018 and the national security paradigm of Pakistan published in 2019. This article investigates the existing status of the Pakistani State and society and how far we have progressed towards achieving national integration both as the State and society. The article also examines various factors impacting the national integration in Pakistan and suggests a course of action for achieving tolerance and harmony in the society to fulfill the dream of creating a progressive and tolerant society.
1-Waseem Ishaque: Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Mudassir Mukhtar: HoD/Associate Professor, Department of Mass Communication, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Rubina Ali: Visiting Research Scholar, CSSS, Department of War Studies, King's College London.
Fractured Society, National Harmony, National Cohesion, National Integration